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Coronavirus live blog, April 20
Last updated: Monday, 20 April, 2020, 10:53
GP: 'damaging effect' of lockdown 'going to outweigh' the effect of coronavirus
The director of the centre for evidence-based medicine at Oxford University has said the Government lockdown is now likely to do more damage than coronavirus itself.
Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, practising GP Professor Carl Heneghan said too much attention had been paid to prediction models that often proved to be "some way out" and that not enough testing had been carried out.
"The key is no-one has really understood how many people actually have the infection," he said.
Prof Heneghan said a better understanding of the extent of the virus could be found "really quickly", with the random sampling of a thousand people in London who thought they had symptoms.
"You could do that in the next couple of days and get a really key handle on that problem and we'd be able to then understand coming out of lockdown much quicker.
"In fact, the damaging effect now of lockdown is going to outweigh the damaging effect of coronavirus."
Clinical trials of coronavirus vaccines hoped by 'the end of this week'
Professor of vaccinology at Oxford University Professor Sarah Gilbert has told BBC Breakfast that her team hopes to begin clinical trials of a coronavirus vaccine by "the end of this week."
Prof Gilbert said that with the virus still circulating there was a lot of pressure to go as quickly as possible.
"Unfortunately we are under a lot of pressure now," she said, "because we need to be testing the vaccine at a time when there is still virus circulating in the community and that means we need to go as quickly as possible.
"We are actually hoping to start testing at the end of this week not next week."
Prof Gilbert added the same vaccine technology had been used before and had performed well.
"We think it is the best thing to use," she added, and said said her team had been developing the vaccine since January - it would normally take five years to get to the stage they are now at.
Prof Gilbert said her team had been developing the vaccine since January 11 and it would normally take five years to get to the stage they are now at.
She said that none of the normal safety steps had been missed out.
NHS trusts 'have definitely got shortages of gowns'
BBC Radio 4's Today programme, Chris Hopson, chief executive of NHS Providers, has said some hospitals are now running low on personal protective equipment.
"There is no doubt that at the moment, we have now got trusts who have definitely got shortages of gowns," he said.
Hopson added that trust leaders are doing "absolutely everything they can" to try and address the problem, including washing fluid-repellent gowns at 60c, which appear to remain resistant when washed a maximum of three times.
Others had staff in boiler suit-type outfits that also passed PPE guidelines, he said.
If PPE orders had 'come in to time and quality', we wouldn't be 'in this position'
Following up on his earlier comments, Chris Hopson, chief executive of NHS Providers, has said PPE supplies would have been fine if early orders had been delivered "to time and quality".
"A great example would be that, last week, there was an order for 200,000 gowns due to come in from China," he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme, "but only 20,000 actually arrived."
"We know that with other orders, when the boxes were opened up and it said on the outside 'Gowns', when you opened it up, they were actually masks.
Culture Secretary 'hopeful... we will get those gowns' later today
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden has told told BBC One's Breakfast show he was hopeful a package of 84-tonnes of PPE would arrive from Turkey on Monday after being delayed.
He said there had been "challenges" in acquiring the consignment, which includes 400,000 gowns.
"We are very hopeful that later today that flight will take off and we will get those gowns," the Cabinet minister said.
"I don't want to start making more and more promises but I understand that that flight will take off this afternoon and they will be delivered."
Dowden also defended the Prime Minister after reports in the Sunday Times claimed he skipped a number of early emergency Government meetings on dealing with Covid-19.
"That does not mean the Prime Minister is not engaged," he said. "The Prime Minister was being briefed on an hourly and daily basis, took a very close personal interest in this and clearly, as the crisis progressed, he then took over chairing.
"That's a normal course of events."
Coronavirus vaccine may need to be annual
Professor Sarah Gilbert, professor of vaccinology at Oxford University, has been speaking of her and her team's work on finding a coronavirus vaccine this morning.
She's said it's still not clear that once a vaccine is discovered, whether people will need a single dose or an annual one.
"The first thing is to have a vaccine that works at all," she's said, "and then to start looking at how long the immunity lasts for.
"We have been hearing about the antibody tests picking up people who have been infected and then also sometimes describing those as being immune, well we don't know how long that immunity lasts for either.
"There's still a long way to go. I suspect that in younger adults, say under the age of 55, it won't need to be an annual vaccination, maybe it will need to be for older people."
Government 'actively looking into' one-minute silence for NHS workers
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden has confirmed the Government is looking into holding a minute's silence for NHS workers who have lost their lives to coronavirus.
"I think it is a very good idea," Dowden told the BBC. "We are looking into it.
"As Culture Secretary, I have responsibility for ceremonials and things like minute-silences."
Asked whether it could be an official Government-led event, he said: "Yes, I think it could be but we will make an announcement on that at an appropriate time."
It follows a campaign by Labour leader Keir Starmer to recognise the sacrifice health workers have made during the pandemic.
Reports suggesting pubs could remain closed until Christmas 'pure speculation'
And some good new from Oliver Dowden now, who has said reports suggesting pubs could remain closed until Christmas are "pure speculation".
"We're all desperate to end this lockdown," he said.
"We need to do it in a sensible way because the worst thing we could possibly do is to prematurely ease the restrictions and then find a second peak."
The Government's coronavirus job retention scheme has been 'tested at volume'
Speaking to BBC Breakfast, Jim Harra, chief executive of HM Revenue & Customs, has said he is "confident" the system running the government's coronavirus job retention scheme would work.
"There is a limit to the capacity of the system," he said, "so if every employer tries to use it at 8 o'clock this morning some will be asked to queue or come back later, that doesn't mean the system has crashed, it simply means that it's full.
"But employers can claim any time over the few days, between now and Wednesday, and we will have the money in their bank account by April 30."
Mr Harra said the Coronavirus Job Retention scheme system had been tested at "up to 450,000 claims per hour".
Government 'in talks' with Premier League on continuing fixtures
Culture Secretary Oliver Dowden has also confirmed this morning that he has been in talks with sporting organisations, including the Premier League, about their preparations for continuing with fixtures.
He told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "In response to future events, we are working with the relevant sporting organisations to understand their plans.
"For example, I've had conversations with the Premier League and others.
"But we have been clear throughout all of it that the Government will not consent to events taking place unless we can be sure it is safe to do so."
Dowden also said clubs should look internally before seeking Government support.
"I have said in the past that for furloughing schemes, that football and sporting clubs taking advantage of it, should be as a last resort," he said.
"Clubs should be looking to themselves first to see if they can make savings before coming to Government."